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Eye Diseases

A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and often treated at Achord Eye Clinic

“Eye diseases” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, please speak with your eye care provider at Achord Eye Clinic.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust, pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.

While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Achord Eye Clinic – Vision Source of Baton Rouge for an examination and treatment.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is a general term for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease will dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.

Glaucoma

Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the pressure inside the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve. In the early stages of the disease, glaucoma has no signs or symptoms. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.

While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula. The macula is a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina composed of millions of light-sensing cells. The most common type of macular degeneration is associated with increased age, and is known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are two forms of AMD. Dry AMD is the most common, and, while it is typically slow moving, there is currently no verified treatment. Wet AMD is less common, however it moves much more quickly and is more visually impactful. Wet AMD can be treated either with laser procedures or intraocular injection. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop wet macular degeneration.

In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk for and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with your eye care provider at Achord Eye Clinic.

Achord Eye Clinic has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases detailed above. If you have further questions, and for more information please schedule an appointment with us, and we will contact you shortly.